The Human Truth Foundation

Syria (Syrian Arab Republic)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Syria

Syria
Syrian Arab Republic
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index150th best
CapitalDamascus
Land Area 183 630 km21
LocationAsia, Mediterranean, Middle East
Population 21.12 million (2011)2
Life Expectancy69.65yrs (2017)3
GNI$2 441 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesSY, SYR, 7605
Internet Domain.sy6
CurrencyPound (SYP)7
Telephone+9638

1. Overview

Following World War I, France acquired a mandate over the northern portion of the former Ottoman Empire province of Syria. The French administered the area as Syria until granting it independence in 1946. The new country lacked political stability, however, and experienced a series of military coups during its first decades. Syria united with Egypt in February 1958 to form the United Arab Republic. In September 1961, the two entities separated, and the Syrian Arab Republic was reestablished. In November 1970, Hafiz al-ASAD, a member of the socialist Ba'th Party and the minority Alawi sect, seized power in a bloodless coup and brought political stability to the country. In the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, Syria lost the Golan Heights to Israel. During the 1990s, Syria and Israel held occasional peace talks over its return. Following the death of President al-ASAD, his son, Bashar al-ASAD, was approved as president by popular referendum in July 2000. Syrian troops - stationed in Lebanon since 1976 in an ostensible peacekeeping role - were withdrawn in April 2005. During the July-August 2006 conflict between Israel and Hizballah, Syria placed its military forces on alert but did not intervene directly on behalf of its ally Hizballah. In May 2007 Bashar al-ASAD's second term as president was approved by popular referendum. Influenced by major uprisings that began elsewhere in the region, antigovernment protests broke out in the southern province of Dar'a in March 2011 with protesters calling for the repeal of the restrictive Emergency Law allowing arrests without charge, the legalization of political parties, and the removal of corrupt local officials. Since then demonstrations and unrest have spread to nearly every city in Syria, but the size and intensity of protests have fluctuated over time. The government responded to unrest with a mix of concessions - including the repeal of the Emergency Law and approving new laws permitting new political parties and liberalizing local and national elections - and force. However, the government's response has failed to meet opposition demands for ASAD to step down, and the government's ongoing security operations to quell unrest and widespread armed opposition activity have led to extended violent clashes between government forces and oppositionists. International pressure on the ASAD regime has intensified since late 2011, as the Arab League, EU, Turkey, and the United States have expanded economic sanctions against the regime. Lakhdar BRAHIMI, current Joint Special Representative of the United Nations and the League of Arab States on the Syrian crisis, in October 2012 began meeting with regional heads of state to assist in brokering a cease-fire. In December 2012, the National Coalition of Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces was recognized by more than 130 countries as the sole legitimate representative of the Syrian people. Unrest persists in 2013, and the death toll among Syrian Government forces, opposition forces, and civilians has topped 70,000.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Syria National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
146Kenya146
147Pakistan147
148Swaziland148
149Syria149
150Angola150
151Tanzania151
152Nigeria152
153Cameroon153
154Zimbabwe154
155Papua New Guinea154
156Solomon Islands156
157Mauritania157
158Madagascar158
159Rwanda159
160Comoros160
161Lesotho160
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.2
2Iceland88.1
3Denmark85.9
...
147Papua New Guinea48.7
148China48.6
149Bangladesh48.3
150Syria47.5
151Eritrea47.2
152Palestine46.8
153Djibouti46.1
154Senegal45.8
155Guinea45.1
156Iran45.0
157Congo, (Brazzaville)44.9
158Burkina Faso44.8
159Benin44.6
160Mozambique44.6
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
119Nepal69.99
120Bhutan69.85
121Mongolia69.81
122Syria69.65
123Iraq69.63
124Kazakhstan69.59
125Tajikistan69.58
126Uzbekistan69.40
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
112Portugal1.3
113Belize2.7
114Malta1.3
115Syria2.8
116Bosnia & Herzegovina1.1
117Paraguay2.9
118Hong Kong1.1
119Israel2.9
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
52Madagascar 21.93m38
53Romania 21.39m93
54Sri Lanka 21.22m338
55Syria 21.12m115
56Ivory Coast 20.59m65
57Cameroon 20.47m43
58Angola 20.16m16
Data Source

Syria's population is predicted to rise to 27.86 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.81.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
95Guyana1953
96Mexico1953
97Bhutan1953
98Syria1953
99Colombia1954
100Belize1954
101Ghana1954
102Honduras1955
Gender Inequality (2015)12
CountryValue12
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
130Pakistan0.55
131Ghana0.55
132Lesotho0.55
133Syria0.55
134Togo0.56
135Kenya0.56
136Egypt0.57
137Swaziland0.57

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Syria and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
120Morocco0%
121Libya0%
122Ghana0%
123Syria0%
124Sri Lanka0%
125Egypt0%
126Ethiopia0%
127Kuwait0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
68Zimbabwe88%
69Bolivia89%
70Tanzania89%
71Syria89%
72India90%
73Kosovo90%
74UAE91%
75Kuwait91%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below13:

Christian5.2%
Muslim92.8%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated2%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Sunni Muslim (Islam - official) 74%, other Muslim (includes Alawite, Druze) 16%, Christian (various denominations) 10%, Jewish (tiny communities in Damascus, Al Qamishli, and Aleppo)14.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
40Vietnam73
41Myanmar (Burma)75
42Ethiopia75
43Uzbekistan77
44Syria83
45China85
46Cuba86
47Iran90
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
102Tuvalu25.00
103Philippines25.00
104Thailand21.20
105Syria20.66
106Micronesia20.01
107Bolivia20.00
108Paraguay19.80
109Kyrgyzstan19.58
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Alcohol Consumption (2010)15
CountryPer Capita15
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
25Algeria1
26Eritrea1.1
27Mali1.1
28Syria1.2
29Maldives1.2
30Djibouti1.3
31Malaysia1.3
32Vanuatu1.4
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
16
CountryValue16
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
47Uganda41.25
48Singapore42
49Somaliland42
50Syria43.67
51Luxembourg43.75
52Panama45
53Haiti45
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)17
CountryRank17
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
152Algeria152
153Myanmar (Burma)153
154Venezuela154
155Central African Rep.155
156Syria156
157Iran157
158Yemen158
159Libya159
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
143Colombia2.62
144Chad2.67
145Nigeria2.80
146Syria2.83
147Libya2.83
148Pakistan2.83
149Israel2.84
150Central African Rep.2.87
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
83Morocco84
84Afghanistan84
85Tunisia83
86Syria83
87Algeria83
88Oman83
89Libya83
90Madagascar82
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
111Libya15
112Dominican Rep.14
113China14
114Syria14
115Botswana14
116Madagascar14
117Uzbekistan14
118Sudan14
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
171Vietnam99.8
172China99.9
173Iran99.9
174Somalia99.9
175Syria99.9
176Turkmenistan99.9
177Korea, N.100.0
178Eritrea100.0
Data Source
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
159Tajikistan$2 601
160Kiribati$2 475
161Tanzania$2 467
162Syria$2 441
163Nepal$2 337
164Yemen$2 300
165Senegal$2 250
166Mali$2 218
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
125Uganda4.2
126Macedonia4.2
127Cambodia4.2
128Syria4.1
129Sierra Leone4.1
130Niger4.1
131Egypt4.1
132Tanzania4.1
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
52Belarus65.4
53Malaysia65.0
54Slovenia65.0
55Syria64.6
56Estonia63.8
57Sri Lanka63.7
58Georgia63.6
59USA63.5
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
163Togo-50
164Benin-50
165Oman-50
166Syria-50
167Eritrea-50
168Tunisia-50
169Cameroon-70
170Libya-70
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/syria.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism #Syria

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References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Mar 24.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Data for 2015. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sy.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^
  13. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  14. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  15. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  16. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  17. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^

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