The Human Truth Foundation

Brunei (Negara Brunei Darussalam)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Brunei

Brunei
Negara Brunei Darussalam
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index34th best
CapitalBandar Seri Begawan
Land Area 5 270 km21
LocationAsia
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population412 892 (2011)2
Life Expectancy79.02yrs (2017)3
GNI$72 843 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesBN, BRN, 965
Internet Domain.bn6
CurrencyDollar (BND)7
Telephone+6738

1. Overview

The Sultanate of Brunei's influence peaked between the 15th and 17th centuries when its control extended over coastal areas of northwest Borneo and the southern Philippines. Brunei subsequently entered a period of decline brought on by internal strife over royal succession, colonial expansion of European powers, and piracy. In 1888, Brunei became a British protectorate; independence was achieved in 1984. The same family has ruled Brunei for over six centuries. Brunei benefits from extensive petroleum and natural gas fields, the source of one of the highest per capita GDPs in Asia.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Brunei National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
27Spain27
28Czech Rep.28
29Greece29
30Brunei30
31Estonia30
32Andorra32
33Malta33
34Qatar33
35Cyprus33
36Poland36
37Lithuania37
38Chile38
39Saudi Arabia38
40Slovakia40
41Portugal41
42UAE42
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.7
2Iceland88.6
3Denmark86.5
...
31Singapore72.5
32Israel71.8
33USA71.1
34Brunei70.9
35Antigua & Barbuda70.8
36Costa Rica70.6
37Slovakia70.5
38Malta70.2
39Maldives70.0
40Latvia69.5
41Uruguay68.9
42Barbados68.9
43Lithuania68.6
44Bahamas68.4
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
34Cuba79.57
35Lebanon79.54
36USA79.22
37Brunei79.02
38Czech Rep.78.78
39Qatar78.32
40Albania77.97
41Dominica77.85
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
4France2.0
5Turkey2.0
6Australia2.0
7Uruguay2.0
8Norway2.0
9Myanmar (Burma)2.0
10Indonesia2.1
11Sweden1.9
12Tunisia1.9
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
166Luxembourg523 362202
167Cape Verde505 335125
168Malta419 2121310
169Brunei412 89278
170Bahamas351 27535
171Iceland328 2903
172Maldives324 3131081
Data Source

Brunei's population is predicted to rise to 522 040 by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.99.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
102Zambia0%
103Yemen0%
104Thailand0%
105Brunei0%
106Madagascar0%
107Somalia0%
108Pakistan0%
109Oman0%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below12:

Christian9.4%
Muslim75.1%
Hindu0.3%
Buddhist8.6%
Folk Religion6.2%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.4%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim (official) 67%, Buddhist 13%, Christian 10%, other (includes indigenous beliefs) 10%13.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Brunei states:

Though the constitution guarantees freedom of religion or belief, other laws and policies restrict this right. The constitution states, "The religion of Brunei Darussalam shall be the Muslim religion according to the Shafi'i sect of that religion." The government continues its longstanding policies to promote the Shafi'i school of Sunni Islam and discourage other religions. Anyone who teaches or promotes any "deviant" beliefs or practices in public may be charged under the Islamic Religious Council Act and punished with three months incarceration and a fine of BND 2,000 (US$1,550)14. Visitors to the country are asked to identify their religion on their visa applications. The Ministry of Education requires courses on Islam in all schools that adhere to the state curriculum. Marriage between Muslims and non-Muslims is not permitted14, and non-Muslims must convert to Islam if they wish to marry a Muslim.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)15

Links:

5. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
48Montenegro51.96
49Macedonia51.91
50Portugal51.28
51Brunei49.99
52Morocco49.00
53Trinidad & Tobago48.52
54Uruguay47.87
55Dominica47.28
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

6. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)16
CountryPer 100016
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
60Belarus18.2
61Serbia19.0
62Slovakia20.2
63Brunei21.0
64Bhutan21.4
65Djibouti21.5
66Albania21.7
67USA22.6
Alcohol Consumption (2010)17
CountryPer Capita17
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
20Bhutan0.7
21Oman0.9
22Morocco0.9
23Brunei0.9
24Iran1
25Algeria1
26Eritrea1.1
27Mali1.1

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)18
CountryRank18
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
63Dominican Rep.63
64Cambodia64
65Madagascar65
66Brunei66
67Serbia67
68Guatemala68
69Moldova69
70Namibia69
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
49Cambodia91
50Thailand91
51Lithuania91
52Brunei91
53Chile90
54Croatia90
55Kyrgyzstan90
56Albania90
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
180UAE7
181Pakistan6
182Tonga6
183Brunei6
184St Lucia6
185Tuvalu5
186Micronesia5
187Nauru5
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
118Ecuador99.4
119Cameroon99.4
120Chad99.4
121Brunei99.4
122Tajikistan99.4
123S. Sudan99.4
124Algeria99.4
125Ukraine99.4
Data Source
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
4Liechtenstein$75 065
5Brunei$72 843
6Norway$67 614
7UAE$66 203
8Luxembourg$62 471
9Switzerland$56 364
10Hong Kong$54 265
11USA$53 245
12Saudi Arabia$51 320
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
68Russia61.2
69Argentina61.0
70Greece60.9
71Brunei60.8
72Macedonia60.6
73Tunisia60.6
74Djibouti60.5
75Armenia60.4
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
184Trinidad & Tobago-120
185Kuwait-120
186Bangladesh-120
187Brunei-120
188Tuvalu-130
189Seychelles-130
190Papua New Guinea-140
191Zambia-140
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/brunei.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#Brunei #buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

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References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Apr 13.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bx.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  13. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  14. 2010 IRF report (US International Religious Freedom report). In IHEU 2012.^
  15. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  16. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^
  17. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  18. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^

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