The Human Truth Foundation

Brunei (Negara Brunei Darussalam)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#brunei

Brunei
Negara Brunei Darussalam
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index41st best
CapitalBandar Seri Begawan
Land Area 5 270km21
LocationAsia
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population0.4m (2011)2
Life Expectancy79.02yrs (2017)3
GNI$72 843 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesBN, BRN, 965
Internet Domain.bn6
CurrencyDollar (BND)7
Telephone+6738

1. Overview

#philippines

The Sultanate of Brunei's influence peaked between the 15th and 17th centuries when its control extended over coastal areas of northwest Borneo and the southern Philippines. Brunei subsequently entered a period of decline brought on by internal strife over royal succession, colonial expansion of European powers, and piracy. In 1888, Brunei became a British protectorate; independence was achieved in 1984. The same family has ruled Brunei for over six centuries. Brunei benefits from extensive petroleum and natural gas fields, the source of one of the highest per capita GDPs in Asia.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverBlessed with picturesque water villages, glorious rainforests, stunning mosques and some outstanding cuisine, Brunei is as polite and unassuming as its people. The small sultanate of Brunei almost looks like a geographic comma plunked between Sarawak and Sabah. It certainly forms a conceptual one, because unless you´re a petroleum engineer, when folks ask `Why go to Brunei?´ the answer is usually the travelling equivalent of a pause: transfer or stopover.

But there´s more here than passport queues. This quiet darussalam (Arabic for `abode of peace´) has the largest oilfields in Southeast Asia, and because oil generates money, Brunei hasn´t turned its rainforests into palm plantations. Old-growth greenery abounds, especially in verdant Ulu Temburong National Park. Because booze is banned, the citizens of the capital, Bandar Seri Begawan (BSB), are mad for food and shopping. This tranquil (sometimes somnolent) nation is the realisation of a particular vision: a strict, socially controlled religious state where happiness is found in pious worship and mass consumption. Visit and judge the results for yourself.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Brunei National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)
Lower is better

Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
27Spain27
28Czech Rep.28
29Greece29
30Brunei30
31Estonia30
32Andorra32
33Malta33
34Qatar33
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
Higher is better

Points12
1Iceland84.1
2Sweden80.8
3Norway80.0
...
38Poland63.0
39Bahamas62.9
40Lithuania62.9
41Brunei62.9
42Slovakia62.7
43Jamaica62.6
44Mauritius62.2
45Cyprus62.1
World Avg54.5
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)
Lower is better

Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
104Morocco16.1
105Suriname16.2
106Grenada16.2
107Brunei16.2
108El Salvador17.3
109Panama17.7
110Korea, N.17.8
111Turkey18.0
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)
%14
1Dominica104.8
2Palestine68.4
3Samoa67.3
...
94Finland6.2
95Singapore6.1
96Guatemala6.1
97Brunei6.0
98Netherlands6.0
99Italy5.8
100Benin5.8
101Laos5.7
World Avg11.5
q=192.
Fertility Rate (2013)
2.0 is best
15
1Korea, N.2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
4France1.99
5Turkey2.04
6Australia1.96
7Uruguay2.05
8Norway1.95
9Myanmar (Burma)1.95
10Indonesia2.07
11Sweden1.93
12Tunisia1.93
World Avg2.81
q=180.

Immigrants (2010)
%14
1Qatar86.5
2Monaco71.6
3UAE70.0
...
10Bahrain39.1
11Hong Kong38.8
12San Marino37.0
13Brunei36.4
14Luxembourg35.2
15Liechtenstein34.6
16Oman28.4
17Palau28.1
World Avg9.2
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)
Higher is better

Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
34Cuba79.57
35Lebanon79.54
36USA79.22
37Brunei79.02
38Czech Rep.78.78
39Qatar78.32
40Albania77.97
41Dominica77.85
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
166Luxembourg0.5m
167Cape Verde0.5m
168Malta0.4m
169Brunei0.4m
170Bahamas0.4m
171Iceland0.3m
172Maldives0.3m
173Belize0.3m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Brunei's population is predicted to rise to 522 040 by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.99. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God (2007)
Higher is better18
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
88Sri Lanka0
89Burundi0
90Burkina Faso0
91Brunei0
92Botswana0
93Syria0
94Sierra Leone0
95Thailand0
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below19:

Christian9.4%
Muslim75.1%
Hindu0.3%
Buddhist8.6%
Folk Religion6.2%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.4%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim (official) 67%, Buddhist 13%, Christian 10%, other (includes indigenous beliefs) 10%20.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Brunei states:

Though the constitution guarantees freedom of religion or belief, other laws and policies restrict this right. The constitution states, "The religion of Brunei Darussalam shall be the Muslim religion according to the Shafi'i sect of that religion." The government continues its longstanding policies to promote the Shafi'i school of Sunni Islam and discourage other religions. Anyone who teaches or promotes any "deviant" beliefs or practices in public may be charged under the Islamic Religious Council Act and punished with three months incarceration and a fine of BND 2,000 (US$1,550)21. Visitors to the country are asked to identify their religion on their visa applications. The Ministry of Education requires courses on Islam in all schools that adhere to the state curriculum. Marriage between Muslims and non-Muslims is not permitted21, and non-Muslims must convert to Islam if they wish to marry a Muslim.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)22

Links:

5. The Internet

Internet Users (2016)
Higher is better
23
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
49Israel73%
50Guam73%
51Poland72%
52Brunei72%
53Slovenia72%
54Cyprus72%
55Russia71%
56Oman71%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)
Higher is better

Ratio24
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
154Cayman Islands0.0
155Andorra0.0
156Greenland0.0
157Brunei0.0
158Aruba0.0
159Bahrain0.0
160Palau0.0
161Equatorial Guinea0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

6. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)
Lower is better

Per 100025
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
60Belarus18.2
61Serbia19.0
62Slovakia20.2
63Brunei21.0
64Bhutan21.4
65Djibouti21.5
66Albania21.7
67Moldova22.6
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)
Lower is better

Per Capita26
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
20Bhutan0.7
21Oman0.9
22Morocco0.9
23Brunei0.9
24Iran1.0
25Algeria1.0
26Eritrea1.1
27Mali1.1
World Avg6.2
q=191.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)
Higher is better

Avg %27
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
37Kyrgyzstan96.7
38Brazil96.7
39Jordan96.6
40Brunei96.6
41Spain96.5
42Poland96.5
43Libya96.4
44St Kitts & Nevis96.3
World Avg88.3
q=194.

Smoking Rates (2014)
Lower is better
28
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
119Mongolia 957
120Bahrain 969
121France 993
122Brunei1 023
123Algeria1 024
124Latvia1 041
125USA1 083
126Finland1 083
World Avg 819
q=182.

7. Politics and Freedom

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)
Higher is better

Treaties29
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
179Grenada7
180UAE7
181St Lucia6
182Brunei6
183Tonga6
184Pakistan6
185Tuvalu5
186Micronesia5
World Avg15.1
q=194.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)
Lower is better

Rank30
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
63Dominican Rep.63
64Cambodia64
65Madagascar65
66Brunei66
67Serbia67
68Guatemala68
69Moldova69
70Namibia69
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)
Lower is better
31
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
118Ecuador3469
119Cameroon3478
120Chad3487
121Brunei3545
122Tajikistan3571
123S. Sudan3620
124Algeria3654
125Ukraine3679
World Avg3249
q=178.

8. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)
Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
4Liechtenstein$75 065
5Brunei$72 843
6Norway$67 614
7UAE$66 203
8Luxembourg$62 471
9Switzerland$56 364
10Hong Kong$54 265
11USA$53 245
12Saudi Arabia$51 320
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2010)
Higher is better
32
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
68Russia61.2
69Argentina61.0
70Greece60.9
71Brunei60.8
72Macedonia60.6
73Tunisia60.6
74Djibouti60.5
75Turkey60.4
q=162.
LGBT Equality (2013)
Higher is better

Score33
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
182Tonga-100
183St Lucia-120
184Bangladesh-120
185Brunei-120
186Trinidad & Tobago-120
187Kuwait-120
188Seychelles-130
189Tuvalu-130
q=211.

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2017 Jun 17
http://www.humantruth.info/brunei.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#brunei #buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism #philippines

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References: (What's this?)

Book Cover

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Jun 22.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lonely Planet
(2014) The World. Subtitled: "A Traveller's Guide to the Planet". Published by Lonely Planet, London, UK. Each chapter is devoted to a specific country and includes a list of the most interesting places to visit and a few other cultural notes..

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bx.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. Lonely Planet (2014) chapter "Brunei" .^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  12. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  13. UN (2017) Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  14. UN (2013) Table 11.^
  15. UN (2013) Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  16. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  17. UN (2013) Table 14.^
  18. Zuckerman, P. (2007). Atheism: contemporary numbers and patterns. In M.Martin (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. In "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" by Lynn et al. (2009).^
  19. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  20. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  21. 2010 IRF report (US International Religious Freedom report). In IHEU 2012.^
  22. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  23. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  24. % of internet access via native IPv6 compared to IPv4. As of 2017 Jun 20, from http://www.cidr-report.org. Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  25. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^
  26. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  27. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  28. Annual Cigarette Consumption Per Adult (age 15 and above) - compustible cigarettes. Euromonitor International (2014), via tobaccoatlas.org/topic/cigarette-use-globally/ . Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  29. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  30. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  31. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  32. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^
  33. Higher is better. Sources:^

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