The Human Truth Foundation

Korea, North (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Korea,_North

Korea, North
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index121st best
CapitalPyongyang
Land Area1 120 410 km2
LocationAsia
Population2 24.55 million
Life Expectancy369.006yrs (2012)
GNI3
ISO3166-1 Codes4KP, PRK, 408
Internet Domain5.kp
Currency6Won (KPW)
Telephone7+850

1. Overview

An independent kingdom for much of its long history, Korea was occupied by Japan beginning in 1905 following the Russo-Japanese War. Five years later, Japan formally annexed the entire peninsula. Following World War II, Korea was split with the northern half coming under Soviet-sponsored Communist control. After failing in the Korean War (1950-53) to conquer the US-backed Republic of Korea (ROK) in the southern portion by force, North Korea (DPRK), under its founder President KIM Il Sung, adopted a policy of ostensible diplomatic and economic "self-reliance" as a check against outside influence. The DPRK demonized the US as the ultimate threat to its social system through state-funded propaganda, and molded political, economic, and military policies around the core ideological objective of eventual unification of Korea under Pyongyang's control. KIM Il Sung's son, KIM Jong Il, was officially designated as his father's successor in 1980, assuming a growing political and managerial role until the elder KIM's death in 1994. KIM Jong Un was publicly unveiled as his father's successor in September 2010. Following KIM Jong Il's death in December 2011, the regime began to take actions to transfer power to KIM Jong Un and KIM has now assumed many his father's former titles and duties. After decades of economic mismanagement and resource misallocation, the DPRK since the mid-1990s has relied heavily on international aid to feed its population. The DPRK began to ease restrictions to allow semi-private markets, starting in 2002, but then sought to roll back the scale of economic reforms in 2005 and 2009. North Korea's history of regional military provocations; proliferation of military-related items; long-range missile development; WMD programs including tests of nuclear devices in 2006, 2009, and 2013; and massive conventional armed forces are of major concern to the international community.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Korea, North National and Social Development

Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.9
2Iceland88.7
3Denmark88.3
...
118Jordan51.6
119Tajikistan51.4
120Sri Lanka51.1
121Korea, N.51.1
122Kuwait51.0
123Lesotho50.9
124Lebanon50.8
125Ghana50.5
126Bahrain50.2
127Timor-Leste (E. Timor)50.2
128Kiribati50.1
129Morocco50.0
130Tuvalu50.0
131Indonesia50.0
Data Source

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
121Iraq69.6
122Micronesia69.2
123Bangladesh69.2
124Korea, N.69
125Russia69.1
126Nepal69.1
127Philippines69
128Mongolia68.8
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
4France2.0
5Turkey2.0
6Australia2.0
7Uruguay2.0
8Norway2.0
9Myanmar (Burma)2.0
10Indonesia2.1
11Sweden1.9
12Tunisia1.9
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
46Uzbekistan 28.08m66
47Yemen 25.57m48
48Ghana 25.55m112
49Korea, N. 24.55m204
50Mozambique 24.48m31
51Australia 22.92m3
52Madagascar 21.93m38
Data Source

Korea, North's population is predicted to rise to 26.18 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 2.00.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
59Guatemala1946
60Vietnam1946
61Venezuela1946
62Korea, N.1946
63Trinidad & Tobago1946
64Macedonia1946
65Cameroon1946
66Panama1946

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian2%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist1.5%
Folk Religion12.3%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated71.3%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: traditionally Buddhist and Confucianist, some Christian and syncretic Chondogyo (Religion of the Heavenly Way). note: autonomous religious activities now almost nonexistent; government-sponsored religious groups exist to provide illusion of religious freedom10.

Links:

6. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
148Pakistan2.83
149Israel2.84
150Central African Rep.2.87
151Korea, N.2.93
152Russia2.94
153Congo, DR3.07
154Iraq3.19
155Sudan3.19
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
176Sao Tome & Principe7
177Grenada7
178Indonesia7
179Korea, N.7
180UAE7
181Pakistan6
182Tonga6
183Brunei6
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
171Vietnam99.8
172China99.9
173Iran99.9
174Somalia99.9
175Syria99.9
176Turkmenistan99.9
177Korea, N.100.0
178Eritrea100.0
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
143Senegal42.3
144Bahrain42.0
145Equatorial Guinea41.9
146Korea, N.41.8
147Cambodia41.7
148Botswana41.3
149Iraq41.0
150Chad40.8
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
146Singapore-20
147Guinea-20
148Maldives-20
149Korea, N.-20
150Swaziland-30
151Lebanon-30
152Ethiopia-30
153Somalia-30
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/north_korea.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

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References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kn.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^

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