The Human Truth Foundation

Greece (Hellenic Republic)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#christianity #Greece

Greece
Hellenic Republic
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index63rd best
CapitalAthens
Land Area1 128 900 km2
LocationEurope, Mediterranean, The Balkans
Population2 11.42 million
Life Expectancy380.031yrs (2012)
GNI3$20 511
ISO3166-1 Codes4GR, GRC, 300
Internet Domain5.gr
Currency6Euro (EUR)
Telephone7+30

1. Overview

Greece achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1830. During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories, most with Greek-speaking populations. In World War II, Greece was first invaded by Italy (1940) and subsequently occupied by Germany (1941-44); fighting endured in a protracted civil war between supporters of the king and other anti-Communist and Communist rebels. Following the latter's defeat in 1949, Greece joined NATO in 1952. In 1967, a group of military officers seized power, establishing a military dictatorship that suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country. In 1974, democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy. In 1981, Greece joined the EC (now the EU); it became the 12th member of the European Economic and Monetary Union in 2001. In 2010, the prospect of a Greek default on its euro-denominated debt created severe strains within the EMU and raised the question of whether a member country might voluntarily leave the common currency or be removed.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Greece National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
26Luxembourg87.580.9
27UK87.580.4
28Czech Rep.87.383.9
29Greece86.078.7
30Brunei85.579.7
31Cyprus84.879.5
32Malta84.777.1
33Andorra84.683.8
34Estonia84.677.5
35Slovakia84.078.6
36Qatar83.476.4
37Hungary83.174.9
38Barbados82.579.1
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.9
2Iceland88.7
3Denmark88.3
...
60Maldives63.1
61Romania63.0
62Bulgaria62.8
63Greece62.3
64Serbia62.1
65Panama62.1
66Macedonia61.8
67Brazil61.7
68Fiji61.5
69Montenegro61.2
70Bhutan60.6
71Mexico60.3
72Mongolia60.1
73Dominican Rep.59.8
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

Greece still suffers from its historical era of Christian dominance. In 2012 three actors were arrested for playing parts in a play that featured a gay Jesus and the European Humanist Federation and Greek Helsinki Monitor are worried that "blasphemy laws allowing fines and imprisonment may lead to prosecution or have a deterrent effect on journalists, academics, artists and other citizens which may amount to self-censorship"9.

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
24Belgium80
25Finland80.1
26Luxembourg80.1
27Greece80
28Nauru80
29Liechtenstein79.8
30Malta79.8
31Cyprus79.8
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
69Bulgaria1.5
70Bahrain2.5
71Thailand1.5
72Greece1.5
73Georgia1.5
74Switzerland1.5
75Mongolia2.5
76Russia1.5
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
70Senegal 13.11m68
71Zimbabwe 13.01m34
72Chad 11.83m9
73Greece 11.42m89
74Rwanda 11.27m457
75Cuba 11.25m106
76Belgium 10.79m356
Data Source

Greece's population is predicted to rise to 11.62 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.54.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
88St Kitts & Nevis1951
89St Vincent & Grenadines1951
90Antigua & Barbuda1951
91Greece1952
92Bolivia1952
93Ivory Coast1952
94Lebanon1952
95Guyana1953
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
20Czech Rep.0.12
21Japan0.13
22Cyprus0.13
23Greece0.14
24Poland0.14
25Israel0.14
26Luxembourg0.15
27Korea, S.0.15
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Greece and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting. Greece is on the way towards ending gender inequality.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
29Belarus17%
30Slovakia17%
31Iceland16%
32Greece16%
33Israel15%
34Spain15%
35Armenia14%
36Lithuania13%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
33Chile70%
34Singapore70%
35Montenegro71%
36Greece71%
37Italy72%
38Moldova72%
39Kyrgyzstan72%
40Mexico73%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below10:

Christian88.1%
Muslim5.3%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated6.1%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 93.5% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (16%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 93.8% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 71% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Greek Orthodox (official) 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%11.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Greece states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. However, antiblasphemy laws and state sponsorship of religion exist. Article 198 of the Greek Penal Code states that "1. One who publicly and maliciously and by any means blasphemes God shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than two years; 2. Anyone, except as described in par.1, who displays publicly with blasphemy a lack of respect for things divine, is punished with up to 3 months in prison. " Article 199 states that "one who publicly and maliciously and by any means blasphemes the Greek Orthodox Church or any other religion tolerable in Greece shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than two years." Similarly, the country outlaws any speech or acts that "insults public sentiment" or "offends people's religious sentiments."

The government financially supports the Orthodox Church; for example, the government pays for the salaries and religious training of clergy, finances the maintenance of Orthodox Church buildings, and exempts from tax Orthodox Church's revenues from properties it owns. Orthodox religious instruction in primary and secondary schools, at government expense, is mandatory for all students, although non-Orthodox students may exempt themselves. However, public schools offer no alternative activity or non-Orthodox religious instruction for these children.

Cases of Discrimination

On June 9th, 2012, three actors in the play "Corpus Christi" were arrested with the charge of blasphemy following a lawsuit filed by Greek Orthodox Bishop Seraphim of Piraeus. Then, in November, the Athens public prosecutor charged the organizers, producers and cast of the play with blasphemy. If convicted, they could face several months in prison. According to newspaper reports, Bishop Seraphim was accompanied to court by members of the neo-Nazi Golden Dawn party.

In late September, 2012, a man was arrested in Evia, Greece, on charges of posting "malicious blasphemy and religious insult on the known social networking site, Facebook". The accused, 27-year-old Phillipos Loizos, had created a Facebook page for "Elder Pastitsios the Pastafarian", playing on a combination of Elder Paisios, the late Greek-Orthodox monk revered as a prophet by some, and the Greek food pastitsio, a baked pasta dish made of ground beef and béchamel sauce. "Pastafarian" refers to the spoof religion of the Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster, itself an intentional pun on aspects of Creationism. A manipulated image on the Facebook page depicted Elder Pastitsios with a pastitsio where the monk's face would normally appear.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)12

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
58Chile45.00
59Albania44.99
60Ukraine44.59
61Greece44.57
62Armenia44.00
63Russia43.37
64Serbia43.06
65Bahamas42.98
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions13
Country%13
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
83Armenia58
84Malaysia61
85Turkey69
86Greece69
87Saudi Arabia74
88Egypt75
89Oman76
90Lebanon78
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
14
CountryValue14
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
149Armenia126.25
150Congo, DR126.5
151Turkey128
152Greece133
153Palestine135
154Yemen136.25
155China136.25
156Burundi145
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom15
CountryRank15
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
46Panama46
47Mongolia47
48Bahamas48
49Greece48
50Albania50
51Seychelles51
52Israel52
53Peru53
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
74Gambia1.96
75Gabon1.97
76Paraguay1.97
77Greece1.98
78Senegal1.99
79Peru2.00
80Nepal2.00
81Nicaragua2.01
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
45Argentina93
46Ireland92
47Malaysia92
48Greece92
49Cambodia91
50Thailand91
51Lithuania91
52Brunei91
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
54Kazakhstan19
55Luxembourg19
56Finland19
57Greece19
58Rwanda19
59Lesotho19
60Colombia19
61Switzerland19
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
80Lesotho99.3
81Bhutan99.3
82Togo99.3
83Greece99.3
84Kosovo99.3
85Guinea99.3
86Bulgaria99.3
87Madagascar99.3
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2916
2Israel4.1116
3Japan3.5816
...
36Poland0.9416
37Slovakia0.8916
38Malta0.8917
39Greece0.8416
40India0.8218
41Croatia0.8117
42Kenya0.7919
43Ukraine0.7617
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
39Trinidad & Tobago$21 941
40Equatorial Guinea$21 715
41Malta$21 184
42Greece$20 511
43Portugal$19 907
44Slovakia$19 696
45Bahrain$19 154
46Poland$17 776
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
68Mauritius5.5
69Lithuania5.4
70Russia5.4
71Greece5.4
72Pakistan5.3
73Albania5.3
74Turkey5.3
75Indonesia5.2
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
67Egypt62.0
68Russia61.2
69Argentina61.0
70Greece60.9
71Brunei60.8
72Macedonia60.6
73Tunisia60.6
74Djibouti60.5
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
42Ecuador55
43Romania50
44Austria45
45Greece45
46Ireland45
47Bulgaria40
48Israel40
49Hungary35
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2015 Oct 27
http://www.humantruth.info/greece.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 28.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

NSS. The National Secular Society, London, UK.
Newsline. Weekly news letter. See: "Secularism" by Vexen Crabtree (2011).

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gr.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. National Secular Society, Newsline (2012 Jul 27) report based on a joint statement by the European Humanist Federation and Greek Helsinki Monitor. Added to this page on 2015 Oct 27.^
  10. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  11. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  12. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  13. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  14. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  15. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  16. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  18. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  19. World Bank data for year 2010.^

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