The Human Truth Foundation

Sweden

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Like this page:

Share this page:
Comments:
FB, LJ

#humanism #scandinavia #sweden

Sweden
Kingdom of Sweden
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index1st best
CapitalStockholm
Land Area1 410 340 km2
LocationEurope, Scandinavia
Population29.495 million
Life Expectancy381.591yrs (2012)
GNI3$36 143
ISO3166-1 Codes4SE, SWE, 752
Internet Domain5.se
Currency6Kronoa (SEK)
Telephone7+46

1. Overview

A military power during the 17th century, Sweden has not participated in any war for almost two centuries. An armed neutrality was preserved in both world wars. Sweden's long-successful economic formula of a capitalist system interlarded with substantial welfare elements was challenged in the 1990s by high unemployment and in 2000-02 and 2009 by the global economic downturns, but fiscal discipline over the past several years has allowed the country to weather economic vagaries. Sweden joined the EU in 1995, but the public rejected the introduction of the euro in a 2003 referendum.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Sweden National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
4Netherlands92.185.5
5Germany92.082.3
6New Zealand91.985.3
7Ireland91.682.3
8Sweden91.684.9
9Switzerland91.385.4
10Japan91.284.3
11Canada91.186.5
12Korea, S.90.977.5
13Iceland90.683.2
14Hong Kong90.680.3
15Denmark90.183.7
16Israel90.082.7
17Belgium89.783.2
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.9
2Iceland88.7
3Denmark88.3
4Norway87.2
5Finland87.2
6New Zealand85.5
7Netherlands84.5
8Australia83.6
9Austria82.9
10Germany82.1
11Switzerland82.0
12Canada81.7
13Belgium81.4
14UK81.1
15Luxembourg80.8
16Ireland80.4
17Andorra79.4
18Hong Kong77.1
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
8San Marino81.9
9Israel81.9
10France81.7
11Sweden81.6
12Spain81.6
13Singapore81.2
14Norway81.3
15Canada81.1
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
8Norway2.0
9Myanmar (Burma)2.0
10Indonesia2.1
11Sweden1.9
12Tunisia1.9
13St Lucia1.9
14USA2.1
15Ireland2.1
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
86Serbia9.847m113
87Somalia9.797m16
88Belarus9.527m47
89Sweden9.495m23
90Azerbaijan9.421m114
91Benin9.352m83
92Burundi8.749m341
Data Source

Sweden's population is predicted to rise to 10.38 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.93.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
22USA1920
23Azerbaijan1921
24Lithuania1921
25Sweden1921
26Georgia1921
27Armenia1921
28Ireland1922
29Mongolia1924
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
4Switzerland0.06
5Norway0.06
6Finland0.08
7Germany0.08
8Slovenia0.08
9France0.08
10Iceland0.09
11Italy0.09
12Belgium0.10
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Sweden is notable for its equality between the sexes.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
4Czech Rep.61%
5Estonia49%
6Denmark48%
7France44%
8Belgium43%
9Netherlands42%
10Germany42%
11UK42%
12Cuba40%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
4Hong Kong24%
5Japan24%
6UK27%
7France30%
8Vietnam30%
9Belarus34%
10Russia34%
11Albania39%
12Latvia39%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian67.2%
Muslim4.6%
Hindu0.2%
Buddhist0.4%
Folk Religion0.2%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated27%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 71.9% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (64%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 72.7% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 17% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Lutheran 87%, other (includes Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Muslim, Jewish, and Buddhist) 13%10.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Sweden states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. Members of religious communities are allowed to designate part of their income tax to go to their church, but the nonreligious have consistently been refused the right to designate their Humanist Association to enjoy the same privilege.

Chapter 16 Section 8 of the penal code criminalizes "A person who, in a disseminated statement or communication, threatens or expresses contempt for a national, ethnic or other such group of persons with allusion to race, colour, national or ethnic origin or religious belief..."

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)11

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
211Poland0.55
210Turkey0.53
209Romania0.52
208Sweden0.44
207Taiwan0.44
206Pakistan0.38
205Latvia0.33
204Peru0.30
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
4Luxembourg90.08
5Sweden90.02
6Denmark88.77
7Finland86.90
8UK84.73
9New Zealand83.00
10Germany82.53
11Korea, S.82.52
12Switzerland82.17
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions12
Country%12
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
4Netherlands5
5Vietnam6
6UK8
7Denmark9
8USA9
9Tanzania12
10Thailand13
11Czech Rep.13
12Canada14
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
13
CountryValue13
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
33Puerto Rico29
34Cyprus31
35Iran32
36Sweden33
37Turkmenistan33.75
38Philippines34.75
39Nigeria35
40Dominican Rep.35.75
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom14
CountryRank14
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
12Luxembourg11
13Germany13
14Norway13
15Sweden15
16Malta16
17Belgium17
18Czech Rep.18
19Portugal19
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
11Belgium1.38
12Qatar1.39
13Czech Rep.1.40
14Sweden1.42
15Germany1.42
16Portugal1.47
17Hungary1.48
18Norway1.48
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
16Finland99
17Estonia99
18New Zealand99
19Sweden99
20Belgium99
21Canada99
22Latvia98
23Australia98
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
4Spain23
5Slovenia23
6Mexico23
7Serbia23
8Sweden23
9Uruguay23
10Chile23
11Costa Rica23
12Paraguay23
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
7Liechtenstein99.0
8New Zealand99.0
9Iceland99.0
10Sweden99.0
11Estonia99.0
12Austria99.0
13Jamaica99.0
14Switzerland99.0
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2915
2Israel4.1115
3Japan3.5815
4Finland3.1715
5Sweden3.1615
6Denmark3.0515
7Taiwan3.0115
8Austria3.0016
9Switzerland2.9617
10Germany2.8415
11USA2.7418
12Belgium2.4615
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
11Switzerland$40 527
12Netherlands$37 282
13Austria$36 438
14Sweden$36 143
15Germany$35 431
16Canada$35 369
17Australia$34 340
18Andorra$33 918
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
4Sweden7.5
5Switzerland7.5
6Venezuela7.5
7Austria7.5
8Australia7.4
9Finland7.4
10Canada7.4
11Israel7.4
12Costa Rica7.3
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
4Sweden86.0
5Norway81.1
6Mauritius80.6
7France78.2
8Cuba78.1
9Austria78.1
10Colombia76.8
11Malta76.3
12Finland74.7
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
4Sweden255
5Spain245
6S. Africa241
7Denmark225
8Iceland220
9Andorra210
10Norway210
11Argentina200
12Brazil196
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/sweden.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Mar 12.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sw.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  12. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  13. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  14. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  15. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  16. OECD (2016) data for year 2015.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  18. OECD (2016) data for year 2013.^

©2017. All rights reserved.