The Human Truth Foundation

Bangladesh (People's Republic of Bangladesh)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Like this page:

Share this page:
Comments:
FB

#Bangladesh

Bangladesh
People's Republic of Bangladesh
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index153rd best
CapitalDhaka
Land Area1 130 170 km2
LocationAsia
Population2 152.41 million
Life Expectancy369.244yrs (2012)
GNI3$1 785
ISO3166-1 Codes4BD, BGD, 50
Internet Domain5.bd
Currency6Taka (BDT)
Telephone7+880

1. Overview

#bangladesh #hinduism #islam

Muslim conversions and settlement in the region now referred to as Bangladesh began in the 10th century, primarily from Arab and Persian traders and preachers. Europeans began to set up trading posts in the area in the 16th century. Eventually the area known as Bengal, primarily Hindu in the western section and mostly Muslim in the Muslim-majority area, which became East Pakistan. Calls for greater autonomy and animosity between the eastern and western wings of Pakistan led to a Bengali independence movement. That movement, led by the Awami League (AL) and supported by India, won independence for Bangladesh in 1971, although at least 300,000 civilians died in the process. The post-independence, AL government faced daunting challenges and in 1975 was overthrown by the military, triggering a series of military coups that resulted in a military-backed government and subsequent creation of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP). That government also ended in a coup in 1981, followed by military-backed rule until democratic elections in 1991. The BNP and AL have alternately held power since then, with the exception of a military-backed, emergency caretaker regime that suspended parliamentary elections planned for January 2007 in an effort to reform the political system and root out corruption. That government returned the country to fully democratic rule in December 2008 with the election of the AL and Prime Minister Sheikh HASINA. With the help of international development assistance, Bangladesh has made great progress in food security since independence, and the economy has grown at an average of about 6 percent over the last two decades.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Bangladesh National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
143Solomon Islands53.049.3
144Sao Tome & Principe52.550.6
145Kenya51.945.6
146Bangladesh51.539.3
147Pakistan51.542.4
148Angola50.843.3
149Myanmar (Burma)49.835.9
150Cameroon49.542.6
151Madagascar48.345.4
152Tanzania47.639.2
153Nigeria47.145.4
154Senegal47.038.5
155Mauritania46.738.6
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.9
2Iceland88.7
3Denmark88.3
...
150Syria44.6
151Solomon Islands44.4
152Burkina Faso43.9
153Bangladesh43.7
154Congo, (Brazzaville)43.0
155Tanzania43.0
156Djibouti42.9
157Eritrea42.5
158Cameroon42.2
159Ivory Coast42.2
160Uganda42.1
161Mozambique42.0
162Senegal42.0
163Angola41.9
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
120Fiji69.4
121Iraq69.6
122Micronesia69.2
123Bangladesh69.2
124Korea, N.69
125Russia69.1
126Nepal69.1
127Philippines69
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
21New Zealand2.1
22Azerbaijan2.2
23Chile1.8
24Bangladesh2.2
25Belgium1.8
26Algeria2.2
27Oman2.2
28Argentina2.2
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
4Indonesia 244.77m135
5Brazil 198.36m23
6Pakistan 179.95m233
7Nigeria 166.63m183
8Bangladesh 152.41m1171
9Russia 142.7m9
10Japan 126.43m347
11Mexico 116.15m60
Data Source

Bangladesh's population is predicted to rise to 181.86 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.16.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
157Congo, DR1970
158Yemen1970
159Switzerland1971
160Bangladesh1972
161Andorra1973
162San Marino1973
163Bahrain1973
164Jordan1974
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
108Panama0.50
109Dominican Rep.0.51
110Uganda0.52
111Bangladesh0.52
112Swaziland0.53
113Lesotho0.53
114Guatemala0.54
115Senegal0.54
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Bangladesh is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
92Togo0%
93Burundi0%
94Chad0%
95Bangladesh0%
96Tunisia0%
97Uganda0%
98Cameroon0%
99Burkina Faso0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
107Djibouti98%
108Burundi98%
109Indonesia99%
110Malawi99%
111Sri Lanka99%
112Yemen99%
113Bangladesh99.5%
114Niger99.5%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian0.2%
Muslim89.8%
Hindu9.1%
Buddhist0.5%
Folk Religion0.4%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Muslim 89.5%, Hindu 9.6%, other 0.9% (2004)10.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Bangladesh states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. An amendment to the constitution passed in 2011 established Islam as the state religion yet reaffirmed the country is a "secular state".

Section 295A of the penal code states that any person who has "deliberate" or "malicious" intent to "hurt religious sentiments" can be imprisoned. Similarly, the Code of Criminal Procedure includes several clauses (99a-f) that states "the government may confiscate all copies of a newspaper if it publishes anything subversive of the state or provoking an uprising or anything that creates enmity and hatred among the citizens or denigrates religious beliefs."

Cases of Discrimination

On Jan. 4, 2012, the principal of a technical college, Yunus Ali, was arrested for keeping a copy of Taslima Nasrin's book Shame in the school library. The book tells the story of a Hindu family persecuted in Bangladesh. It was deemed blasphemous and banned by the Bangladeshi government in 1993 and Dr. Nasrin was forced to flee abroad to escape blasphemy charges and death threats.

On March 21, 2012, the Dhaka High Court ordered five Facebook pages and a website to be shut down after Dhaka University professors claimed the pages contained remarks and cartoons about the Prophet Muhammad, the Holy Qu'ran, Jesus, Buddha, and the Hindu Gods that insulted religious sentiments.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)11

The Murders of Freethinkers from 2013 Onwards:

Since 2013 in Bangladesh a horrible spate of killings of freethinkers, secularists and liberals has occurred12. It began with a march of tens of thousands of Muslims on the capital, demanding that the government itself increase censorship of "anti-Muslim" content. Students, community leaders and University professors alike have been hacked to death with machetes as a result of putting content online that is pro-science, pro-secularist, anti-war crimes, or which advocate LGBT tolerance. One extremist group openly published a list of 84 of their targets and in 2016 Apr the rate of murders increased to one a week. The Bangladesh government has done very little to curb the extremists. Murders for blasphemy against Islam do not just occur in Muslim counties; there is a long and unfortunate history of the same occurring in Europe and elsewhere - Theo van Gogh was killed in Amsterdam by a Dutch Moroccan Muslim for making a film criticizing Islam's attitude towards women.

"Blasphemy and Censorship: In Christianity and Islam: 4.1. Islam: Blasphemy and Censorship" by Vexen Crabtree (2012)

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
268Sudan1.98
267Bangladesh1.87
266Iraq1.84
265Oman1.72
264Sri Lanka1.67
263Angola1.61
262China1.59
261Maldives1.57
260Tanzania1.50
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
159Mozambique4.17
160Cameroon4.00
161Lesotho3.86
162Bangladesh3.70
163Afghanistan3.65
164Benin3.13
165Mauritania3.00
166Mali2.70
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions13
Country%13
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
48Bolivia30
49Georgia32
50Kazakhstan32
51Bangladesh32
52Bosnia & Herzegovina32
53Costa Rica32
54Uruguay33
55Croatia33
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
14
CountryValue14
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
97Paraguay84.75
98Argentina86.5
99Gabon86.75
100Bangladesh87.5
101Brazil88.5
102Mexico89.5
103India89.75
104Ethiopia90.5
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom15
CountryRank15
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
134Swaziland134
135Gabon135
136Togo136
137Bangladesh137
138Belize138
139Congo, (Brazzaville)139
140Nigeria140
141China141
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
88USA2.06
89China2.06
90Dominican Rep.2.07
91Bangladesh2.07
92Guinea2.07
93Papua New Guinea2.08
94Trinidad & Tobago2.08
95Angola2.11
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
88Oman83
89Libya83
90Madagascar82
91Bangladesh82
92Dominican Rep.82
93India82
94Lebanon82
95Egypt81
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
98Monaco16
99Belize16
100Togo16
101Bangladesh15
102Andorra15
103Chad15
104Cape Verde15
105St Vincent & Grenadines15
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
140Oman99.4
141Congo, DR99.4
142Cambodia99.5
143Bangladesh99.5
144Malaysia99.5
145Palestine99.5
146Philippines99.5
147Russia99.5
Data Source
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
152Sudan$1 848
153Yemen$1 820
154Myanmar (Burma)$1 817
155Bangladesh$1 785
156Gambia$1 731
157Ghana$1 684
158Senegal$1 653
159Ivory Coast$1 593
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
81Uzbekistan5.1
82Ukraine5.1
83Malawi5.1
84Bangladesh5
85China5
86Iraq5
87Romania5
88Mozambique5
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
135Guinea44.4
136Bolivia44.3
137Papua New Guinea44.3
138Bangladesh44.0
139Burundi43.9
140Ethiopia43.1
141Mongolia42.8
142Uzbekistan42.3
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
183St Lucia-120
184Trinidad & Tobago-120
185Kuwait-120
186Bangladesh-120
187Brunei-120
188Tuvalu-130
189Seychelles-130
190Papua New Guinea-140
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/bangladesh.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

The Guardian. UK newspaper. See Which are the Best and Worst Newspapers in the UK?. Respectable and generally well researched UK broadsheet newspaper..

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 28.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bg.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  12. The Guardian (2016 Apr 07) article "Secular activist who criticised Islamism killed in Dhaka". Date last accessed 2017 Jan 28.^
  13. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  14. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  15. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^

©2017. All rights reserved.