The Human Truth Foundation

Slovakia (Slovak Republic)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Slovakia

Slovakia
Slovak Republic
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index30th best
CapitalBratislava
Land Area1 48 088 km2
LocationEurope
Population25.48 million
Life Expectancy375.647yrs (2012)
GNI3$19 696
ISO3166-1 Codes4SK, SVK, 703
Internet Domain5.sk
Currency6Koruna (SKK)
Telephone7+421

1. Overview

Slovakia's roots can be traced to the 9th century state of Great Moravia. Subsequently, the Slovaks became part of the Hungarian Kingdom, where they remained for the next 1,000 years. Following the formation of the dual Austro-Hungarian monarchy in 1867, language and education policies favoring the use of Hungarian (Magyarization) resulted in a strengthening of Slovak nationalism and a cultivation of cultural ties with the closely related Czechs, who were under Austrian rule. After the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the close of World War I, the Slovaks joined the Czechs to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar period, Slovak nationalist leaders pushed for autonomy within Czechoslovakia, and in 1939 Slovakia became an independent state allied with Nazi Germany. Following World War II, Czechoslovakia was reconstituted and came under communist rule within Soviet-dominated Eastern Europe. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize communist rule and create "socialism with a human face," ushering in a period of repression known as "normalization." The peaceful "Velvet Revolution" swept the Communist Party from power at the end of 1989 and inaugurated a return to democratic rule and a market economy. On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a nonviolent "velvet divorce" into its two national components, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. Slovakia joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004 and the euro zone on 1 January 2009.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Slovakia National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
32Malta84.777.1
33Andorra84.683.8
34Estonia84.677.5
35Slovakia84.078.6
36Qatar83.476.4
37Hungary83.174.9
38Barbados82.579.1
39Poland82.179.0
40Chile81.972.0
41UAE81.872.9
42Lithuania81.877.7
43Portugal81.673.3
44Latvia81.474.2
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.9
2Iceland88.7
3Denmark88.3
...
27Czech Rep.74.9
28Portugal73.6
29Korea, S.73.6
30Slovakia72.1
31Italy71.3
32USA71.0
33Lithuania70.5
34Latvia70.3
35Antigua & Barbuda69.9
36Costa Rica69.2
37Singapore69.1
38Israel68.5
39Seychelles68.4
40Malta68.4
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
56Bosnia & Herzegovina75.8
57Ecuador75.8
58Bahamas75.9
59Slovakia75.6
60Vietnam75.4
61Bahrain75.2
62Sri Lanka75.1
63Macedonia75
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
102Macedonia1.4
103Fiji2.6
104Korea, S.1.4
105Slovakia1.4
106Botswana2.6
107Kyrgyzstan2.6
108Austria1.3
109Egypt2.7
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
109Nicaragua5.955m49
110Denmark5.593m132
111Eritrea5.581m55
112Slovakia5.48m114
113Kyrgyzstan5.448m28
114Finland5.403m18
115Singapore5.256m7509
Data Source

Slovakia's population is predicted to rise to 5.547 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.36.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
9Kyrgyzstan1918
10Latvia1918
11Germany1919
12Slovakia1919
13Czech Rep.1919
14Poland1919
15Netherlands1919
16Belarus1919
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
29Estonia0.16
30Macedonia0.16
31New Zealand0.16
32Slovakia0.17
33Croatia0.18
34UK0.21
35China0.21
36Latvia0.22
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Slovakia is on the way towards ending gender inequality and has been striving towards this end for quite some time.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
27Austria18%
28Switzerland17%
29Belarus17%
30Slovakia17%
31Iceland16%
32Greece16%
33Israel15%
34Spain15%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian85.3%
Muslim0.2%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated14.3%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 85.6% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (17%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 68.9%, Protestant 10.8%, Greek Catholic 4.1%, other or unspecified 3.2%, none 13% (2001 census)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
15Andorra81.00
16Antigua & Barbuda80.65
17Liechtenstein80.00
18Slovakia79.89
19UAE78.00
20Japan77.64
21France77.50
22St Kitts & Nevis76.59
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
124Congo, (Brazzaville)104.75
125Bosnia & Herzegovina107
126Algeria109
127Slovakia110.5
128Ecuador111
129Egypt112.25
130Croatia113
131Chad113.75
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom12
CountryRank12
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
24Latvia24
25Iceland25
26Taiwan26
27Slovakia27
28Italy28
29Chile29
30Romania30
31France31
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
23Singapore1.52
24Poland1.52
25Spain1.55
26Slovakia1.59
27Taiwan1.60
28Netherlands1.61
29UK1.61
30Chile1.62
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
33Slovenia96
34Moldova96
35Uruguay96
36Slovakia96
37Portugal95
38Israel95
39Kazakhstan94
40Armenia94
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
46Georgia20
47S. Africa20
48Namibia20
49Slovakia20
50Bulgaria20
51Netherlands19
52Nicaragua19
53Ireland19
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
20Canada99.1
21Belgium99.1
22Poland99.1
23Slovakia99.1
24Cyprus99.1
25Cape Verde99.1
26Australia99.1
27Uruguay99.1
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2913
2Israel4.1113
3Japan3.5813
...
34Turkey1.0113
35Lithuania0.9514
36Poland0.9413
37Slovakia0.8913
38Malta0.8914
39Greece0.8413
40India0.8215
41Croatia0.8114
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
41Malta$21 184
42Greece$20 511
43Portugal$19 907
44Slovakia$19 696
45Bahrain$19 154
46Poland$17 776
47Estonia$17 402
48Barbados$17 308
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
46Uruguay6.1
47Guyana6
48Slovenia6
49Slovakia5.9
50Honduras5.9
51Ecuador5.8
52Malaysia5.8
53Moldova5.8
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
10Colombia76.8
11Malta76.3
12Finland74.7
13Slovakia74.5
14UK74.2
15New Zealand73.4
16Chile73.3
17Germany73.2
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
47Bulgaria40
48Israel40
49Hungary35
50Slovakia35
51Liechtenstein35
52Jersey35
53Australia32
54Cuba30
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/slovakia.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/lo.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  12. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  13. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2011.^

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