The Human Truth Foundation

Slovakia (Slovak Republic)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#slovakia

Slovakia
Slovak Republic
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index42nd best
CapitalBratislava
Land Area 48 088km21
LocationEurope
Population5.5m (2011)2
Life Expectancy76.41yrs (2017)3
GNI$26 764 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesSK, SVK, 7035
Internet Domain.sk6
CurrencyKoruna (SKK)7
Telephone+4218

1. Overview

Slovakia's roots can be traced to the 9th century state of Great Moravia. Subsequently, the Slovaks became part of the Hungarian Kingdom, where they remained for the next 1,000 years. Following the formation of the dual Austro-Hungarian monarchy in 1867, language and education policies favoring the use of Hungarian (Magyarization) resulted in a strengthening of Slovak nationalism and a cultivation of cultural ties with the closely related Czechs, who were under Austrian rule. After the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the close of World War I, the Slovaks joined the Czechs to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar period, Slovak nationalist leaders pushed for autonomy within Czechoslovakia, and in 1939 Slovakia became an independent state allied with Nazi Germany. Following World War II, Czechoslovakia was reconstituted and came under communist rule within Soviet-dominated Eastern Europe. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize communist rule and create "socialism with a human face," ushering in a period of repression known as "normalization." The peaceful "Velvet Revolution" swept the Communist Party from power at the end of 1989 and inaugurated a return to democratic rule and a market economy. On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a nonviolent "velvet divorce" into its two national components, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. Slovakia joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004 and the euro zone on 1 January 2009.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverA land of real spirit, where folk traditions have survived the domination of foreign rulers and where a plethora of castles and chateaux pay testament to untold wars and civil conflicts. Going strong after two decades as an independent state following the breakup of Czechoslovakia, Slovakia out-trumps the Czechs for ancient castles, and boasts nature far wilder than its western neighbours. It savours wine over beer and, in its bashful heartland amid mountains and forests, cradles an entrancing folk culture most European nations have lost.

Slovakia´s small size is possibly its biggest attraction. You can hike woodsy waterfall-filled gorges one day and yodel from peaks soaring more than 2500m the next. Dinky capital Bratislava is awash with quirky museums and backed by thick forests. With its rabbit-warren Old Town, it might just win the world prize for most cafes per city resident.

Don´t leave without heading east, where fortresses tower over tradition-rich medieval towns such as Levoca or Bardejov and hiking trails lace the hills.

Strike up a conversation at a bar and you´ll find an intelligent, engaging and friendly person at the other end. Down a slivovica (firewaterlike plum brandy) and drink a toast for us - nazdravie!

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Slovakia National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)
Lower is better

Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
37Lithuania37
38Chile38
39Saudi Arabia38
40Slovakia40
41Portugal41
42UAE42
43Hungary43
44Latvia44
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
Higher is better

Points12
1Iceland84.1
2Sweden80.8
3Norway80.0
...
39Bahamas62.9
40Lithuania62.9
41Brunei62.9
42Slovakia62.7
43Jamaica62.6
44Mauritius62.2
45Cyprus62.1
46Barbados61.9
World Avg54.5
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)
Lower is better

Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
143Belarus30.3
144Ukraine30.8
145Australia31.3
146Slovakia31.6
147Albania31.8
148Norway32.2
149Iceland32.5
150Serbia32.7
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)
%14
1Dominica104.8
2Palestine68.4
3Samoa67.3
...
70Haiti9.9
71San Marino9.9
72Burkina Faso9.7
73Slovakia9.6
74Morocco9.3
75Sri Lanka9.1
76Somalia8.7
77Kuwait8.5
World Avg11.5
q=192.
Fertility Rate (2013)
2.0 is best
15
1Korea, N.2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
102Macedonia1.40
103Fiji2.61
104Korea, S.1.38
105Slovakia1.36
106Botswana2.64
107Kyrgyzstan2.64
108Austria1.35
109Egypt2.65
World Avg2.81
q=180.

Immigrants (2010)
%14
1Qatar86.5
2Monaco71.6
3UAE70.0
...
110Trinidad & Tobago2.6
111Benin2.5
112Paraguay2.5
113Slovakia2.4
114Micronesia2.4
115Uruguay2.4
116Cape Verde2.4
117Liberia2.3
World Avg9.2
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)
Higher is better

Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
51Bahrain76.72
52Bosnia & Herzegovina76.63
53Argentina76.46
54Slovakia76.41
55Montenegro76.40
56Antigua & Barbuda76.24
57Ecuador76.12
58China75.96
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
109Nicaragua6.0m
110Denmark5.6m
111Eritrea5.6m
112Slovakia5.5m
113Kyrgyzstan5.4m
114Finland5.4m
115Singapore5.3m
116Turkmenistan5.2m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Slovakia's population is predicted to rise to 5.547 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.36. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Gender Inequality (2015)
Lower is better18
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
36Macedonia0.16
37China0.16
38Libya0.17
39Slovakia0.18
40Serbia0.18
41Latvia0.19
42Kazakhstan0.20
43USA0.20
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote
Lower is better

Year19
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
9Estonia1918
10Kyrgyzstan1918
11Austria1919
12Slovakia1919
13Belarus1919
14Germany1919
15Netherlands1919
16Ukraine1919
World Avg1930
q=189.

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Slovakia is on the way towards ending gender inequality and has been striving towards this end for quite some time.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God (2007)
Higher is better20
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
25Ukraine20
26Mongolia20
27Austria18
28Slovakia17
29Switzerland17
30Belarus17
31Greece16
32Iceland16
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below21:

Christian85.3%
Muslim0.2%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated14.3%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 85.6% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (17%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 68.9%, Protestant 10.8%, Greek Catholic 4.1%, other or unspecified 3.2%, none 13% (2001 census)22.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users (2016)
Higher is better
23
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
30Bahamas85%
31Puerto Rico83%
32Singapore83%
33Slovakia83%
34Spain82%
35Austria81%
36Ireland81%
37Barbados80%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)
Higher is better

Ratio24
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
48Bulgaria1.3
49Korea, S.1.2
50Dominican Rep.1.1
51Slovakia0.8
52Hong Kong0.7
53Spain0.6
54St Kitts & Nevis0.6
55Nauru0.5
World Avg3.82
q=176.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

7. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)
Lower is better

Per 100018
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
59Hungary18.0
60Belarus18.2
61Serbia19.0
62Slovakia20.2
63Brunei21.0
64Bhutan21.4
65Djibouti21.5
66Albania21.7
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)
Lower is better

Per Capita25
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
179Grenada12.5
180Serbia12.6
181Portugal12.9
182Slovakia13.0
183Czech Rep.13.0
184Hungary13.3
185Andorra13.8
186Ukraine13.9
World Avg6.2
q=191.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)
Higher is better

Avg %26
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
33Andorra97.1
34Russia97.0
35Guyana97.0
36Slovakia97.0
37Kyrgyzstan96.7
38Brazil96.7
39Jordan96.6
40Brunei96.6
World Avg88.3
q=194.

Smoking Rates (2014)
Lower is better
27
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
152Kuwait1 517
153Armenia1 545
154Turkey1 581
155Slovakia1 618
156Romania1 620
157Tunisia1 628
158Switzerland1 634
159Serbia1 644
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)
Lower is better

Per 100k28
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
63Romania24.5
64Bulgaria25
65Sweden25.5
66Slovakia25.7
67Czech Rep.28.3
68Suriname28.7
69Hong Kong29.7
70Poland30.5
World Avg20.93
q=91.

8. Politics and Freedom

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)
Higher is better

Treaties29
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
34Namibia20
35Ukraine20
36Macedonia20
37Slovakia20
38Honduras20
39S. Africa20
40Liechtenstein20
41Iceland20
World Avg15.1
q=194.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)
Lower is better

Rank30
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
24Latvia24
25Iceland25
26Taiwan26
27Slovakia27
28Italy28
29Chile29
30Romania30
31France31
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)
Lower is better
31
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
20Canada1269
21Belgium1294
22Poland1311
23Slovakia1325
24Cyprus1383
25Cape Verde1433
26Australia1524
27Uruguay1592
World Avg3249
q=178.

9. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
Lower is better
32
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
124Congo, (Brazzaville)104.75
125Bosnia & Herzegovina107
126Algeria109
127Slovakia110.5
128Ecuador111
129Egypt112.25
130Croatia113
q=156.
Global Peace Index (2012)
Lower is better
33
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
23Singapore1.52
24Poland1.52
25Spain1.55
26Slovakia1.59
27Taiwan1.60
28Netherlands1.61
29UK1.61
30Chile1.62
q=157.
Research and Development
Higher is better

% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.29
2Israel4.11
3Japan3.58
...
34Turkey1.01
35Lithuania0.95
36Poland0.94
37Slovakia0.89
38Malta0.89
39Greece0.84
40India0.82
41Croatia0.81
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)
Higher is better
34
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
47Slovenia6.0
48Guyana6.0
49Honduras5.9
50Slovakia5.9
51Ecuador5.8
52Moldova5.8
53Malaysia5.8
54Bolivia5.8
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)
Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
38Slovenia$28 664
39Czech Rep.$28 144
40Trinidad & Tobago$28 049
41Slovakia$26 764
42Estonia$26 362
43Portugal$26 104
44Lithuania$26 006
45Greece$24 808
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2010)
Higher is better
35
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
10Colombia76.8
11Malta76.3
12Finland74.7
13Slovakia74.5
14UK74.2
15New Zealand73.4
16Chile73.3
17Germany73.2
q=162.
LGBT Equality (2013)
Higher is better

Score36
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
46Greece45
47Israel40
48Bulgaria40
49Slovakia35
50Hungary35
51Liechtenstein35
52Jersey35
53Australia32
q=211.
IQ (2006)
Higher is better37
1Singapore108
2Hong Kong108
3Korea, S.106
...
32Belarus97
33Ukraine97
34Russia97
35Slovakia96
36Uruguay96
37Slovenia96
38Moldova96
39Portugal95
q=138.

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2017 Jun 21
http://www.humantruth.info/slovakia.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

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#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism #slovakia

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References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Aug 01.

Lonely Planet
(2014) The World. Subtitled: "A Traveller's Guide to the Planet". Published by Lonely Planet, London, UK. Each chapter is devoted to a specific country and includes a list of the most interesting places to visit and a few other cultural notes..

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/lo.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. Lonely Planet (2014) chapter "Slovakia" .^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  12. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  13. UN (2017) Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  14. UN (2013) Table 11.^
  15. UN (2013) Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  16. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  17. UN (2013) Table 14.^
  18. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  19. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 3.6. Women Stand for Election & Vote (1893+) New Zealand, Australia, Finland" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  20. Zuckerman, P. (2007). Atheism: contemporary numbers and patterns. In M.Martin (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. In "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" by Lynn et al. (2009).^
  21. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  22. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  23. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  24. % of internet access via native IPv6 compared to IPv4. As of 2017 Jun 20, from http://www.cidr-report.org. Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  25. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  26. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  27. Annual Cigarette Consumption Per Adult (age 15 and above) - compustible cigarettes. Euromonitor International (2014), via tobaccoatlas.org/topic/cigarette-use-globally/ . Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  28. UN (2013) World Health Organisation statistics. Suicide Rates Per 100k.^
  29. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  30. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  31. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  32. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  33. ^
  34. UN (2013) Table 9. Higher is better. Table 9. The UN's data is the latest available from a range of data from 2007-2011.^
  35. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^
  36. Higher is better. Sources:^
  37. Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg (2009) .^

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